Pap Smear In Pregnancy Dissertation Sample

1. Ferlay J SI, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F.: GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase N° 11. Lyon, France: international Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. [ accessed on 17/04/2014].

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5. Haesebaert J, Luntringer-Magnin D, Kalecinski J, Barone G, Jacquard AC, Régnier V, Leocmach Y, Vanhems P, et al. French women’s knowledge of and attitudes towards cervical cancer prevention and the acceptability of HPV vaccination among those with 14–18 year old daughters: a quantitative-qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:1034. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-1034.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

6. Giles SG M. A study of women’s knowledge regarding human papillomavirus infection, cervical cancer and human papillomavirus vaccines. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2006;46:311–315. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2006.00598.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

7. Tebeu PM, Major AL, Rapiti E, Petignat P, Bouchardy C, Sando Z, de Bernis L, Ali L, Mhawech-Fauceglia P. The attitude and knowledge of cervical cancer by Cameroonian women; a clinical survey conducted in Maroua, the capital of Far North Province of Cameroon. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2008;18(4):761–765. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1438.2007.01066.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

8. Getahun F, Mazengia F, Abuhay M, Birhanu Z. Comprehensive knowledge about cervical cancer is low among women in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Cancer. 2013;13:2. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-13-2.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

9. Francis SA, Nelson J, Liverpool J, Soogun S, Mofammere N, Thorpe RJ., Jr Examining attitudes and knowledge about HPV and cervical cancer risk among female clinic attendees in Johannesburg, South Africa. Vaccine. 2010;28(50):8026–8032. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.08.090.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

10. Chumnan Kietpeerakool YP, Kriangsak J, Usanee S, Jatupol S. Knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of female sex workers toward HPV infection, cervical cancer, and cervical smears in Thailand. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2009;107:216–219. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.07.023.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

11. Meye JFMB, Belembaogo E, Engongah-Beka T, Minko-Mi Etoua D. Place du dépistage du cancer du col utérin au Gabon, étude sur 19 ans: 1977–1995. Ann Pathol. 2001;3:233.[PubMed]

12. Moreira ED, Jr, Oliveira BG, Ferraz FM, Costa S, Costa Filho JO, Karic G. Knowledge and attitudes about human papillomavirus, Pap smears, and cervical cancer among young women in Brazil: implications for health education and prevention. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2006;16(2):599–603. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1438.2006.00377.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

13. Adanu RMK. Cervical Cancer Knowledge and Screening in Accra, Ghana. J Wom Health Gender-Based Med. 2002;11:6. doi: 10.1089/152460902760277822.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

14. Saad Ahmed KS, Suleiman I, Rukaiya A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening among market women in Zaria, Nigeria. Niger Med J. 2013;54(5):316. doi: 10.4103/0300-1652.122337.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

15. Ogunbode O, Ayinde OA. Awareness of cervical cancer and screening in a Nigerian female market population. Ann Afr Med Soc. 2005;4(4):160–3.

16. McFarland DM. Cervical cancer and Pap smear screening in Botswana: knowledge and perceptions. Int Nurs Rev. 2003;50(3):167–175. doi: 10.1046/j.1466-7657.2003.00195.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

17. Moore EE, Wark JD, Hopper JL, Erbas B, Garland SM. The roles of genetic and environmental factors on risk of cervical cancer: a review of classical twin studies. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2012;15(1):79–86. doi: 10.1375/twin.15.1.79.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

18. Were ENZ, Buziba N. Perceptions of risk and barriers to cervical cancer screening at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya. Afr Health Sci. 2011;11(1):58–64.[PMC free article][PubMed]

19. Louie KS, De Sanjose S, Diaz M, Castellsague X, Herrero R, Meijer CJ, et al. Early age at first sexual intercourse and early pregnancy are risk factors for cervical cancer in developing countries. Br J Cancer. 2009;100(7):1191–1197. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604974.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

20. Oh HY, Kim MK, Seo S, Lee DO, Chung YK, Lim MC, Kim J, Lee CW, Park S. Alcohol consumption and persistent infection of high-risk human papillomavirus. Epidemiol Infect. 2015;143(7):1442–50. doi: 10.1017/S0950268814002258.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

21. Austin LT, Ahmad F, McNally MJ, Stewart DE. Breast and cervical cancer screening in Hispanic women: a literature review using the health belief model. Womens Health Issues. 2002;12(3):122–128. doi: 10.1016/S1049-3867(02)00132-9.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

22. Kwok C, White K, Roydhouse JK. Chinese-Australian women’s knowledge, facilitators and barriers related to cervical cancer screening: a qualitative study. J Immigr Minor Health. 2011;13(6):1076–1083. doi: 10.1007/s10903-011-9491-4.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

23. Obi SN, Ozumba BC, Nwokocha AR, Waboso PA. Participation in highly subsidized cervical cancer screening by women in Enugu, South-east Nigeria. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;27(3):305–307. doi: 10.1080/01443610701227976.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

24. Vanslyke JG, Baum J, Plaza V, Otero M, Wheeler C, Helitzer DL. HPV and cervical cancer testing and prevention: knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes among Hispanic women. Qual Health Res. 2008;18(5):584–596. doi: 10.1177/1049732308315734.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

25. Al-Meer FM, Aseel MT, Al-Khalaf J, Al-Kuwari MG, Ismail MF. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding cervical cancer and screening among women visiting primary health care in Qatar. Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit. 2011;17(11):855–861.[PubMed]

26. Kesic V, Markovic M, Matejic B, Topic L. Awareness of cervical cancer screening among women in Serbia. Gynecol Oncol. 2005;99(3 Suppl 1):S222–S225. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2005.07.092.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

27. Poole DN, Tracy JK, Levitz L, Rochas M, Sangare K, Yekta S, et al. A cross-sectional study to assess HPV knowledge and HPV vaccine acceptability in Mali. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56402. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056402.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

28. Francis SA, Battle-Fisher M, Liverpool J, Hipple L, Mosavel M, Soogun S, et al. A qualitative analysis of South African women’s knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HPV and cervical cancer prevention, vaccine awareness and acceptance, and maternal-child communication about sexual health. Vaccine. 2011;29(47):8760–8765. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.07.116.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

29. Makwe CC, Anorlu RI, Odeyemi KA. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccines: knowledge, attitude and perception among female students at the University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria. J Epidemiol Global Health. 2012;2(4):199–206. doi: 10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.001.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

30. Ezenwa BN, Balogun MR, Okafor IP. Mothers’ human papilloma virus knowledge and willingness to vaccinate their adolescent daughters in Lagos, Nigeria. Int J Wom Health. 2013;5:371–377. doi: 10.2147/IJWH.S44483.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

31. Deriemaeker H, Michielsen D, Reichman G, Devroey D, Cammu H. Knowledge about human papillomavirus and the human papillomavirus vaccine in Belgian students. Central European J Urol. 2014;67(4):410–417.[PMC free article][PubMed]

32. Blake KD, Ottenbacher AJ, Finney Rutten LJ, Grady MA, Kobrin SC, Jacobson RM, Hesse BW. Predictors of Human Papillomavirus Awareness and Knowledge in 2013: Gaps and Opportunities for Targeted Communication Strategies. Am J Prev Med. 2015;48(4):402–10. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.10.024.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

33. Giles M, Garland S. A study of women’s knowledge regarding human papillomavirus infection, cervical cancer and human papillomavirus vaccines. Aust New Zeal J Obstet Gynaecol. 2006;46(4):311–315. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2006.00598.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

Reviewed By: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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