en españolLos diez mejores consejos sobre los deberes escolares
Kids are more successful in school when parents take an active interest in their homework — it shows kids that what they do is important.
Of course, helping with homework shouldn't mean spending hours hunched over a desk. Parents can be supportive by demonstrating study and organization skills, explaining a tricky problem, or just encouraging kids to take a break. And who knows? Parents might even learn a thing or two!
Here are some tips to guide the way:
- Know the teachers — and what they're looking for. Attend school events, such as parent-teacher conferences, to meet your child's teachers. Ask about their homework policies and how you should be involved.
- Set up a homework-friendly area. Make sure kids have a well-lit place to complete homework. Keep supplies — paper, pencils, glue, scissors — within reach.
- Schedule a regular study time. Some kids work best in the afternoon, following a snack and play period; others may prefer to wait until after dinner.
- Help them make a plan. On heavy homework nights or when there's an especially hefty assignment to tackle, encourage your child break up the work into manageable chunks. Create a work schedule for the night if necessary — and take time for a 15-minute break every hour, if possible.
- Keep distractions to a minimum. This means no TV, loud music, or phone calls. (Occasionally, though, a phone call to a classmate about an assignment can be helpful.)
- Make sure kids do their own work. They won't learn if they don't think for themselves and make their own mistakes. Parents can make suggestions and help with directions. But it's a kid's job to do the learning.
- Be a motivator and monitor. Ask about assignments, quizzes, and tests. Give encouragement, check completed homework, and make yourself available for questions and concerns.
- Set a good example. Do your kids ever see you diligently balancing your budget or reading a book? Kids are more likely to follow their parents' examples than their advice.
- Praise their work and efforts. Post an aced test or art project on the refrigerator. Mention academic achievements to relatives.
- If there are continuing problems with homework, get help. Talk about it with your child's teacher. Some kids have trouble seeing the board and may need glasses; others might need an evaluation for a learning problem or attention disorder.
I have often asked my students how they feel about my approach to elementary homework. Without fail, they express that they much prefer my approach to the way they’ve done homework in prior grades.
And what was their prior homework program? The dreaded “homework packet.”
As a former parent of elementary-aged children and as a teacher of those same children, I’ve never been in favor of homework packets. I know I'm taking a position that will be the opposite of many of my readers, but that’s the way I’ve operated for many years.
Note: I cover how to correct homework and other papers here.
The problem with packets
Ah, the convenient, efficient homework packet, the solution to every busy teacher’s need to “give the kids something to do at home” and placate parents who insist on homework.
Just staple together a bunch of worksheets (that may or may not relate directly to the current lessons), send them out on Monday, retrieve them on Friday, and then throw them in the garbage.
Oopsie! My anti-packet bias is showing, isn’t it?
Okay, to be fair, most packets don’t end up in the garbage, but they may as well. Consider that each packet will have at least five pages in it, often more. Consider also that the mathematical probability of a teacher correcting 25 students x 5 pages of homework over the weekend has been scientifically proven to be zero.
Which is why most packets end up with a check mark for “complete” and not much else.
It’s harder to do, but if homework is given out at all, it should reinforce what was learned in class the day it was handed out, so that it acts like a final check on whether the lesson “stuck.” And if it didn’t stick, then that issue needs to be addressed immediately, not a week later.
My homework plan?
- Fifteen minutes of math which is always a review and never new material
- Five minutes of reviewing the spelling words of the week
- An encouragement to read without the requirement of a book log or a parent sign off
So every night, my fourth-graders have 20 to 30 minutes of work depending upon how hard they apply themselves. At the same time, the parents are receiving a great communication piece about what is being covered in school.
How do I manage all of this and what's in it for me?
Overall, I have found that this approach does not take much time and is far preferable to reviewing stacks and stacks of homework packets at the end of the week.
Plus, I tailor the homework on nearly a daily basis depending upon how the class is doing during instruction. I want to be certain that the homework is closely tied to what I'm teaching every day so that it acts as reinforcement and is not simply generalized busywork.
Since I review their homework every day during a prep, I have my finger on the pulse of the academic achievement of every single student. I know when a problem is developing so they don't undertake the pointless exercise of practicing a math problem wrong for an entire week while working on a packet.
I write encouraging comments or circle work that needs additional attention and put the papers in the students' boxes. I often write a note that says, “Come see me,” so I can give a student a minute or two of individual attention on a particular problem that I noticed.
Smarter Balanced (SBAC) and PARCC practice tests!
Do you KNOW if they are ready? What do they need to review? This set of practice tests will let you know for sure.
Take a look…your year-end test scores will thank you! SBAC and PARCC Practice Tests
Elementary homework completion expectations
I expect it to be done every day, and I make this clear to my parents in my initial newsletters and during the school open house.
I traditionally taught fourth grade, and that's a grade where the kids really have to make academic progress toward higher-level subjects. Developing good homework completion habits will place them in a much better position to be successful when they reach middle and high school – where, by the way, they don't hand out homework packets.
Good homework-completion habits should start at the same time that homework starts, regardless of the grade level. Why hand it out if the students know that you don't expect to get it back?
If a student does not complete homework, they sit in my classroom and get it done during lunch recess. I’m in my room anyway, eating and taking care of various activities during my lunch prep, and it's not really punishment for the kids.
They get to sit in my room and get a little individual attention if they need it, plus they have access to other kids who are working on the same problems. Still, it’s enough of an incentive (missing out on recess) that over time the problem moderates itself.
It would never be OK to have the child miss recess by sitting alone in a strange room without your presence. This is encouragement, not punishment!
If not completing homework becomes a chronic problem, I let them know that I'll be calling their mom and dad in order to talk through how they can be more successful in getting it done at home.
Tips for collecting student homework
In the upper grades, particularly in middle school, getting homework back can be a challenge – especially if you have multiple classrooms of children rotating all day long. Sometimes the kids actually have the homework with them – they just don’t do that final step of turning it in!
Here are ideas from my Facebook followers on the homework tactics they use.
A homework log
If a student doesn’t turn work in, they have to sign and put the reason why. After a certain number of excuses, a parent conference is scheduled. With a log, the child cannot deny the facts of their missing homework.
The desktop sticker
Try taping a star or other shape on the upper corner of every desk. Practice having students come in and put their homework on the star. Then you can pass around a bin marked “homework” for students to put it in.
When you train students to place their homework in a particular spot, you can see at a glance who has it and who doesn’t. The bin is also a visual reminder that something needs to go into it.
Homework issues are often best handled during the daily warm-up activity at the beginning of school or class.
Each student has two folders, one for finished work and one for unfinished work. This helps children develop the habit of organizing what they’ve been working on and gives them a particular place where they can find work that needs to be turned in – rather than digging through their desk or backpack.
This one is pretty simple: when the homework or project is due, kids are reminded to put it in the box – but as a group, not individually. When you grab the stack to mark what has been turned in, do a “last call” and after that, anything that is missing is late.
When it’s very obvious that you are holding a sheaf of homework papers and marking them down, forgetful students will often remember what’s in their backpacks.
These darn kids can be frustrating at times! But… they are still kids and anything we can do to help get themselves organized will pay dividends for their future success, both as students and as adults.